Medicalization Pregnancy and childbirth have become increasingly medicalized in most parts of the world since the early twentieth century.
She rejects the punishment approach as immoral and impractical. She does not wrong the child by having unprotected sex on Tuesday. So forced interventions do not necessarily personify the fetus; they may instead force the pregnant woman to sacrifice her own well-being or autonomy for the sake of her future child.
More broadly, as a social body, we have a strong collective interest in the health and welfare of our future community members, and hence reproductive risk is a matter of public concern.
Philosophy of care The Scandinavian countries and the Netherlands, which did not follow the trend towards steep increases in caesarean sections during the s, 9 have a tradition of perceiving birth above all as a normal physiological process and of valuing low intervention rates.
True team working is needed, with development of a shared philosophy of care and mutual respect. Some dimensions of the medicalization of pregnancy do not directly involve medical interventions.
Others argue that reasons to select for the best possible children extend beyond concern for the well-being of the potential child herself to the well-being of others Douglas and DevolderElster While at times the interests of the woman and the fetus may diverge, typically these interests are inextricably related, both because expectant mothers usually care intensely about fetal well-being, and because protecting the health of the pregnant woman is typically the best way to protect the health of the fetus MattinglyLyerly, Little and Faden a.
InSamantha Burton was forced to stay in hospital for prescribed bedrest when her membranes ruptured at 25 weeks.
Baylis, Rodgers, and Young argue that the pertinent conflict is typically between pregnant women and others who presume authority regarding the appropriate care of the fetus, and that it is not in any case typically a conflict between the mother and the fetus. Bottom line, childbirth is not a medical procedure unless you let it become one.
Not infrequently, pregnant drug users have had their children removed from their care at birth, or have been coerced into treatment.
Further research is needed to test whether high rates for straightforward births can be achieved in well designed hospital settings with committed managers. In light of such considerations, Press and Browner and others have questioned the extent to which choices to test are really informed and autonomous, and whether women are really prepared for making the difficult decisions that they may confront after testing.
In managing and communicating about reproductive risk, we face several challenges. If she has sexual intercourse and conceives on Tuesday, her child will almost certainly suffer from limb deformities. It is typically a sacrosanct principle in medical ethics that patients have an absolute right to refuse medical interventions, including life-saving interventions, if they make an autonomous, informed, competent choice to do so.Women’s attitudes towards the medicalization of childbirth and their associations with planned and actual modes of birth Attitudes towards the Medicalization of Childbirth This is in line with previous analyses arguing that wide scale application of risk management in pregnancy and excessive use of technology can diminish women's.
pregnancy and childbirth, in the conviction that we can overcome or control nature with the help of technology. From that point of view, the 20th century was marked by drastic changes in childbirth practices and even the concept of pregnancy and childbirth in general, changes that were for the most part accepted by women.
The pregnancy and childbirth experience is considered one of the most coveted experiences in a woman's life. The diverse and vital ways in which we embrace it has changed since the advent of modern medicine. Although many aspire for the most natural pregnancy and birth possible, it often does not come to fruition.
The medicalization of childbirth is in most cases extremely necessary. Since the medicalization of pregnancy in the early 's, the infant mortality rate has decreased 90%, and maternal mortality has decreased 99%.
Bottom line, childbirth is not a medical procedure unless you let it become one. A well written birth plan will take all the questions and worries out of the medical decisions facing the newborn's parents during this blessed event.
Medicalization. and making it an illness in need for medical attention and procedures.
which can potentially put more of everyday life under medical scrutiny. such as pregnancy and childbirth.Download